Jeffery originally suffered the injury in training camp but opted to play through the discomfort.
Jeffery started all 16 regular-season games for Eagles, catching 57 passes for 789 yards and nine touchdowns.
In the postseason, Jeffery had 12 receptions for 219 yards and three touchdowns, including a memorable 34-yard touchdown grab in Philadelphia's 41-33 victory over the New England Patriots in Super Bowl LII.
Jeffery signed a one-year deal with Philadelphia last offseason but later received a four-year, $52 million extension from the Eagles in December.
Jeffery, 27, entered the league as a second-round draft choice of the Chicago Bears in 2012.