We now know the identity of Africa's five teams in Russia, but what do they need to improve between now and next summer?
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KweséESPN identify the five matches which ultimately decided Africa's World Cup qualifiers.
The North Africans confirmed their berth in Russia after drawing 0-0 with Libya in Rades, ending the Democratic Republic of Congo's World Cup hopes.
Morocco stunned Ivory Coast 2-0 to qualify for the 2018 World Cup, while Tunisia also booked their ticket to Russia on Saturday.
Youssef Msanki scored a hat-trick and Naby Keita was shown a straight red as Tunisia beat Guinea 4-1 in Conakry, while Congo beat Libya 2-1.
The Eagles of Carthage struck twice in two minutes to rescue a point and consolidate top spot in Group A.
We're at the midway point in Africa's World Cup qualifying campaign, as the race to be among the continent's five representatives in Russia hots up.
The Tunisia defender returns to Ligue 1 on a season-long loan after an underwhelming spell in La Liga.
The Tunisia hitman has returned to the Ligue Professionnelle 1 after nine years away.
The North African midfielder is now a free agent after ending his brief spell with FCSM.
The former Italy international has joined the Tunisian heavyweights as head coach.
Jordaan was one of three prospective candidates to back out of the FIFA Council race just before next week's votes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Substitute Aristide Bance struck with an 81st-minute free-kick to help Burkina Faso into the semifinals of the African Nations Cup over Tunisia.
A mix of traditional powers and upstart sides take centre stage as the African Nations Cup knockout round gets set to commence Saturday.
Tunisia eased into the quarterfinals of the African Nations Cup with a 4-2 win over Zimbabwe.
Defensive woes and profligate finishing hurt Algeria in their loss vs. Tunisia and the outlook is bleak for the Fennec Foxes, writes Nick Ames.
Tunisia gave themselves an African Nations Cup lifeline and put northern neighbours Algeria on the brink of elimination with a 2-1 win in Franceville.
Liverpool's Sadio Mane scored one and made another as Senegal beat Tunisia 2-0 to go top of African Nations Cup Group B.
Tunisia won their second game to open their World Cup qualifying group campaign with a 1-0 win over Libya in neutral territory in Algeria on Friday.
Gabon's untimely sacking of Jorge Costa is just the latest example of an African Federation curiously firing a manger ahead of a major tournament.
Three of the five African teams at the 2014 World Cup have been drawn in the same group to qualify for the 2018 edition.
Cameroon qualified for the 2017 African Nations Cup with a 1-0 win over Mauritania on Friday.
Nigeria will not be competing at the 2017 African Nations Cup after losing 1-0 to Egypt on Tuesday.
Mohamed Salah scored in stoppage time to salvage a 1-1 draw for Egypt at Nigeria in a 2017 African Nations Cup qualifier on Friday.
Togo's football federation says the Confederation of African Football has refused its request to move a qualifier out of Tunisia because of security.