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When does the transfer window close? La Liga, Bundesliga and Ligue 1

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Winners and Losers of the English transfer window (5:09)

ESPN FC's Craig Burley appreciates what Liverpool did in the summer transfer window, but feels Man United were disappointing. (5:09)

The summer transfer window in 2018 is very different to past years. Rather than every major league bringing to an end its transfer business on the same day, Aug. 31, this year there is a staggered finish.

Here, we take a look at the transfer rules which govern each major European league.

In all cases, clubs are still able to sign players as free agents after the deadline, and as long as they are not officially attached to any club on Aug. 31.

Premier League transfer deadline

The official FIFA transfer deadline for England remains at Aug. 31, but clubs in the top leagues voted in individual changes.

The Premier League led the way in Europe in bringing forward the transfer deadline after complaints by managers in recent seasons. The transfer market closed at 5 p.m. BST on Thursday, Aug. 9 -- the day before Manchester United kicked off the new season at home to Leicester City.

The EFL, including the Championship, decided to match the Premier League's date. The difference here is that EFL clubs will still be able to trade players on loan up until Aug. 31. The loan can also include a clause whereby the move automatically becomes permanent once the window reopens in January, so in effect there is a loophole.

All English clubs will still be able to sell or loan players to leagues where the transfer market remains open after Aug. 9.

The winter window will run throughout January as usual.

La Liga transfer deadline

Spanish clubs have not decided to make any changes to the way their market operates, and the window will close as usual at 11.59 p.m. CET on Friday, Aug. 31. Clubs can still sign free agents after this date and sell or loan players to leagues where the transfer market is still open.

The winter window runs throughout January.

Serie A transfer deadline

Italy was the only other league to bring its deadline forward, and the market closed at 8 p.m. CET on Friday, Aug. 17 -- the day before the Serie A season kicks off. Serie A and Serie B clubs cannot now sign players, though clubs in Serie C have until Saturday, Aug. 25 to complete their business. Free agents can still be signed, and clubs can still sell or loan players to leagues where the transfer window remains open.

The FIGC has also confirmed a truncated winter window from Thursday, Jan. 3 to Friday, Jan. 18 at 8 p.m. CET.

Bundesliga transfer deadline

German clubs have also left their transfer window at 6 p.m. CET on Friday, Aug. 31. Clubs can still sign free agents after this date and sell or loan players to leagues where the window is still open.

The winter window runs throughout January.

Ligue 1 transfer deadline

Ligue 1 will operate exactly the same as La Liga, with the transfer deadline remaining as Friday, Aug. 31 at 11.59 p.m. CET and the winter window spanning January.

Later deadlines

A handful of major leagues that will still be able to buy players after Aug. 31. The deadlines are:

Sept. 1: Denmark, Scotland, Turkey
Sept. 2: Netherlands
Sept. 6: Russia
Sept. 21: Portugal
Oct. 18: Australia

The Major League Soccer summer transfer widow closes on Wednesday, Aug. 8.

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